Europe is a continent completely located in the northern hemisphere and mainly in the eastern hemisphere. It borders the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.
Biggest city: Large urban area :: Istanbul
Country: 50 sovereign states; 6 with limited
GDP (nominal): $ 21.79 billion (2019; 3)
GDP per capita: $ 29,410 (2019; 3)
There are 44 countries in Europe.
Europe is the western part of the Eurasian continent, sometimes considered a continent in its own right. It is separated from Asia by the Ural mountains in Russia and the Bosphorus in Turkey.
|3||United Kingdom||67,530,172||Northern Europe|
|25||San Marino||33,860||Southern Europe|
|26||Holy See||799||Southern Europe|
|29||Bosnia and Herzegovina||3,301,000||Southern Europe|
|32||North Macedonia||2,083,459||Southern Europe|
Europe is surrounded by water on three sides. To the west is the Atlantic Ocean. To the north is the Arctic Ocean. The Mediterranean Sea separates Southeast Europe from Africa.
There are more than 50 countries in Europe. Most of these countries are members of the European Union.
Europe covers about 10,180,000 square kilometers. This represents 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of its area).
In 2017, around 510 million people lived in Europe.
Europe produces 44% of the world’s wine.
Europe contains the second most active volcano in the world.
Greenland, in Europe, is the largest island in the world. Australia is a continent!
Europe is an important tourist attraction. People come from all over the world to see many World Heritage sites and other attractions.
Europe is a continent completely located in the northern hemisphere and mainly in the eastern hemisphere. It borders the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It consists of the westernmost part of Eurasia.
In general, Europe is believed to be separated from Asia by the Ural and Caucasus mountains, the Urals, the Caspian Sea, the Black Sea and the waters of the Strait of Turkey. Although the term “continent” implies a physical geography, the boundaries of the earth are quite arbitrary and have been redefined several times since the first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects the cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences between East and West, which vary in the spectrum rather than the dividing lines. The geographical borders between Europe and Asia do not follow the national borders: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. Spain is also a continent where most of it is located in the Iberian Peninsula (Europe), while its enclaves are located on the other side of the Strait of Gibraltar in the North Africa region (especially the Melilla, Ceuta and Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean). .
Europe covers approximately 10 180 000 km 2, or 2% of the earth’s surface (6.8% of the world’s surface). On the political front, Europe is divided into about fifty sovereign countries, of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, covering 39% of the continent and 15% of its population. Europe had approximately 741 million inhabitants (approximately 11% of the world’s population) in 2016. The European climate is greatly influenced by the warm Atlantic currents that make winter and summer on most continents, even in latitudes where the weather in Asia and North America is very bad. Further from the sea, seasonal differences are more visible than near the coast.
Europe, especially ancient Greece and ancient Rome, is the birthplace of western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the period of migration that followed marked the end of ancient history and the beginning of the Middle Ages. The humanism, exploration, art and science of the Renaissance lead to the modern era. Since Portugal and Spain launched Age of Discovery, Europe has played an important role in world affairs. Between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers were controlled at different times in America,